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Different Types of Irrigation Systems

Are you thinking about becoming a farmer? If you live in an area that has enough rain throughout the year, you should be fine.

However, most places do not rain all year round. People who live in such regions need to have an irrigation system installed, as it is more reliable than rain.

The main idea behind an irrigation system is to make sure that your plants and lawns are maintained with the minimum amount of water.

Of course, you can go around watering your lawn but you need to use very little water. It is a fragile resource and you have to incorporate methods for conserving it.

Image Source: Flickr

Here are some types of irrigation systems:

Flood Irrigation

Companies that install flood irrigation systems have the tools for distributing water in the following ways:

Furrow Irrigation

The water is directed into furrows that have been graded to a particular gradual slope for a uniform application. The water is fed into an opening called a gate with a with a PVC pipe placed above ground. You can vary the opening of the gate if you want to adjust the flow of water to the furrow.

In some cases, a thin poly pipe with a large diameter pipe with a hole punched in is used to divert water into each furrow.

Graded Border Irrigation

In this flood irrigation method, water is directed into a narrow strip of land with raised earth borders on each side. Water is fed to the high end of the border using an underground pipeline.

Drip Irrigation

In drip irrigation, water is applied next to the root of the plant through drippers or emitters placed on or below the soil surface. The moisture of the soil is kept at optimum levels with frequent irrigation.

Water is fed on the surface of soil using drip lines with emitters – water-flow regulators – that are evenly spaced along the tubing.

You can place drip lines along the soil surface with emitters at each plant and cover it with mulch. On the other hand, a subsurface/ underground drip line can be used to water ground covers.

You can opt for individual emitters where water is delivered just where it is required – this reduces the number of weeds.

Sprinklers

Image Source: Flickr

The sprinkler irrigation system is based on overhead sprays or sprinklers that are installed on permanent risers. You can have the

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